Die Körper- und Wesensauffassung bei den brasilianischen Canela-Indianern Jakob Mehringer Jürgen Dieckert Fachbereich 5 der Universität Oldenburg, Ammerländer Heerstr. 114-118, D-2900 Oldenburg, Deutschland Abstract. The “Body- and Entity-Concept” of the northeastern Brazilian Canela-Indians is interpreted on the base of various field-stays in an emic manner. It results that the Body- and Entityunderstanding of this tribal society is based on the unity of the human being. This unity in situations like dream, weakness, shame and anger however is threated. The definite break-up of the unity means death. With several cultural practi- ces, like collective lograce- and songrituals, the danger of the definite break-up can be turned off. The Body- and Entityconcept of the Canela-Indians is incorporated in a special philosophical orientation-system. The- rein the fundamental categories “happiness” and “sadness” offer adequate orientation and instruction for acting in the world. Happiness — that means strenght, health, life..., sadness in contrary means weakness, sickness, death. Collective lograce- and songrituals are conducive to happiness, prevent sadness and so they warrant the unity of the human being. 1 Fragestellung und Methode Mit diesem Beitrag wird ein weiteres Ergebnis! des von der Deutschen Forschungsge- meinschaft gefôrderten interdisziplinären Forschungsprojektes zwischen Ethnologie Sus SR — se Abb. 1. Mehrmals wôchentlich finden Gesangsrituale auf dem Gemeinschafts- Platz statt. Ets (EEE Siehe Dieckert und Mehringer 1989-1991; Mehringer und Dieckert 1991. Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie 115 (1990) 241-259 . © 1992 Dietrich Reimer Verlag